Senin, 10 Desember 2012

Jenis - Jenis Text dalam Bahasa Inggris (Genres Text)

Jenis - Jenis Text dalam Bahasa Inggris (Genres Text)
Text dalam bahasa Inggris untuk umum biasanya dibagi menjadi 13 macam: narrative, recount, descriptive, report, analytical exposition, hortatory exposition, discussion, news item, review, explanation, procedure, anecdote, dan spoof. Namun biasanya hanya ada 5 yang menjadi materi pelajar terutama pelajar SMP yaitu: narrative, recount, descriptive, report, dan procedure. Apabila kalian yang masih gak ngerti dengan 5 genres text tersebut, atau masih pusing membedakannya. Maka dari itu saya mempost artikel 5 genres text ini lengkap dengan definition, purpose, language features, general structure beserta contohnya. Semoga bermanfaat ^^

Report Text
Definition of Report :                                                                                     
Report is a text which presents information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analysissult of systematic observation and analysis
General Structure: 
1. General classification: Stating classification of general aspect of thing; animal, public place, plant, etc which will be discussed in general.                               
2. Description: Describing the thing which will be discussed in detail; part per part , customs or deed for living creature and usage for materials      
Language Features:                                                              
1. Introducing group or general aspect                                                          
2. Using conditional logical connection; when, so, etc                                    
3. Using simple present tense
To describe the way things are (for example: a man -made thing, animals, plants). The things must be a representative of their class.                   

Models of Text:                                                

   Makassar is the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and the largest city on Sulawesi Island. From 1971 to 1999, the city was named Ujung Pandang, after a pre-colonial fort in the city, and the two names are often used interchangeably. The port city is located at 5°8′S 119°25′E, on the southwest coast of the island of Sulawesi, facing the Makassar Strait. Its area is 175.77 km2 and has population of around 1.4 million.
    Makassar is home to several prominent landmarks including the 16th century Dutch fort Fort Rotterdam, Trans Studio Makassar—the third largest indoor theme park in the world and the Karebosi Link—the first underground shopping center in Indonesia.
    Makassar has several famous traditional foods. The most famous is Coto Makassar. It is a stew made from the mixture of nuts and spices with beef parts which include beef brain, tongue and intestine. Konro rib dish is also popular traditional food in Makassar. Both Coto Makassar and Konro are usually eaten with Burasa, glutinous rice with coconut milk and sauted coconut granule.
   In addition, Makassar is the home of pisang epe, or pressed bananas. These are bananas which are pressed, grilled, and covered with palm sugar sauce and sometimes eaten with Durian. Many street vendors sell pisang epe, especially around the area of Losari beach.                        

Procedure Text
Definition of Procedure:                                 
Procedure is a text that is designed to describe how something is achieved through a sequence of actions or steps. It explains how people perform different processes in a sequence of steps. This text uses simple present tense, often imperative sentences. It also uses the temporal conjunction such as first, second, then, next, finally, etc.  
General Structure:
1. Goals ( the final purpose of doing the instruction)
2. Materials ( ingredients, utensils, equipment to do the instructions)
3. Steps ( a set of instruction to achieve the final purpose)
Language features :
1. Use of imperative ( Cut……,,, Don’t mix……..)
2. Use of action verbs (turn, put) 
3. Use of connectives (first, then, finally)                                                       
To help us do a task or make something, can be a set of instructions or directions.                                                                      

Models of Text:                                                                                                                                  


Material needed:
A sheet of heavy paper                                                                                          
A pencil                                                                                                    
Sharp scissors                                                                                                     
A paper clip                                                                                               
 Here’s a paper airplane that will fly in circles.                                                   
1. First fold the paper in half the long way.                                                    
2. Then draw an airplane with wings and a tail on it.                                     
3. Next draw a line about an inch away
4. Then cut out the airplane.                         
5. After that spread out the airplane and colour it.
6. Next refold your airplane.
7. Then add a paper clip to the nose.                                                                                       
8. Finally, you can change the way your airplane flies by changing the wing shape and putting more than one paper clip on the nose.              

Descriptive Text
Definiton of Descriptive:                                                                                              Descriptive text is a text which say what a person or a thing is like.                               
General Structure:                                                                                                   
1. Identification (identify phenomenon to be described)
2. Description (describe parts, qualities, characteristics)
Language features:
1. Using attributive and identifying process.                              
2. Using adjective and classifiers in nominal group.                                    
3. Using the Simple Present                                                                                   
Purpose :                                                                                                        
 To describe a particular person, place or thing.                                                      

Models of Text:

Peter is the youngest in our family. He is fourteen years old and four years younger than me. He has long, straight hair, bright eyes and a friendly smile. Sometimes he is rather naughty at home, but he usually does what he is asked to do.
Peter is interested in sports very much, and at school, he plays football and tennis. He is the best badminton player in our family.

Recount Text  
Definiton of Recount:                                                                                             
Recount is a text which retells events or experiences in the past.                                  
General Structure:      
1. Orientation ( who were involved, when and where was it happened)
2. Events ( tell what happened in a chronological order)
3. Re-orientation ( optional – closure of events)
Language features:
1. Introducing personal participant ( I,my group,etc)                                        
2. Using chronological connection (then, first, etc)                                        
3. Using linking verb ( was, were, saw, heard, etc)                                       
4. Using action verb (look, go, change, etc)                                                 
5. Using simple past tense                                                                
To tell the readers what happened in the past through a sequence of events tell the readers what happened in the past through a sequence of events.                                                                                                    

Models of Text:
    On Saturday night, we went to the Town Hall. It was the last day of the year and a large crowd of people had gathered under the Town Hall clock. It would strike twelve in twenty minutes’ time. Fifteen minutes passed and then, at five to twelve, the clock stopped. The big minute hand did not move. We waited and waited, but nothing happened. Suddenly someone shouted,”It’s two minutes past twelve! The clock has stopped!”
I looked at my watch. It was true. The big clock refused to welcome the New Year. At that moment, everybody began to laugh and sing

Narrative Text
Definition of Narrative:                                                                                        
A narrative text is an account of events.                                                                        
General Structure:                                                                              
1. Orientation ( who was involved, when and where was it happened)
2. Evaluations (stepping back to evaluate the plight )         
3. Complication ( a problem arises and followed by other problems)                         
4. Resolution ( provide solution to the problem)                                                                
5. Reorientation ( optional )                                                                            
Language features:
1. Use of noun phrases (a beautiful princess, a huge temple)
2. Use of adverbial phrases of time and place (in the garden, two days ago)
3. Use of simple past tense (He walked away from the village)
4. Use of action verbs (walked, slept)
5. Use of adjectives phrases (long black hair)                                            
To amuse or entertain the readers with actual or imaginary experience in different ways.                                                                                            

Models of Text:  

                Once upon a time there was a little boy named Prince William. Prince William was bored so he decided to take a walk through the Magical Forrest. The Magical Forrest was a special place where all the trees and leaves talked. Prince William had enjoyed many afternoons laughing and talking with the leaves. Today was no different; as soon as he entered the Forrest he was sucked into a joke.
Prince William joined in with the laughing leaves but off in the distance he heard a whisper. He left the pile of laughing leaves and followed the whisper through the woods. He ran into a tree that had something important to say. The tree was old and hard to understand but the old tree told Prince William that King Daddy was missing.
The two prince's looked everywhere for king Daddy. They looked everywhere they could think and they were getting exhausted.  Prince William had come up with a brilliant plan to go back and ask the old tree if he had any other information.
The two Princes wasted no time and raced off to find the old tree. Dodging branches and jumping rocks they managed to find the old tree in no time at all. Out of breath, both Prince William and Prince Riley tried to explain to the tree that they needed help. While the tree was old he was very wise and knew what the boys wanted. The tree waved his branches starting a breeze to cool the two prince's down. Once the two were calm the old tree started to tell the story of how he knew King Daddy was missing.
"Early this morning I saw King Daddy walking through the leaf piles talking with all the leaves. I heard one of the leaves give King Daddy a riddle about the magical cabin at the end of the Forrest. The Magical cabin is full of silly tying rope."
So as the old tree finished his story the boys calmly thanked the old tree and raced to the end of the Forrest. Just like the old tree said they found the magical cabin. Inside the magical cabin they found King Daddy tied up with rope on the floor. The Two princes' did not hesitate; they pulled out their swords, cut the ropes, and saved the day!                                          

3 komentar:

  1. Kalau spoof itu paansi?

    1. Setahu aku, spoof itu cerita lucu, cerita konnyol, cerita humor yang mengandung twist, Intang. :D